In October 2015, the municipality presented eighteen commitments in a document entitled "Mobilizing the Paris community to welcome refugees". The document opens with this sentence: "Paris, like other refugee cities, will rise to the challenge of welcoming the many migrants currently arriving in Europe."
One year on, and with the city of Paris already struggling to fulfill its commitment, the dismantling of the Calais Jungle in October 2016 has led to some refugees retreating to the capital. Camps then sprang up, notably in north-east Paris on the banks of the Canal Saint Martin, then at Porte de la Chapelle and Porte d'Aubervilliers. The dismantling of these camps has continued apace. Since June 2015, 300 evacuations and "shelters" of refugees have taken place in Paris and its inner suburbs. These settlements, followed by their evacuation, give the image of an identical repetition of a catastrophic situation of precariousness and a lack of public action. Invisibilized since the last dismantling operations, the exile populations find themselves rejected on the outskirts of the capital. Only a few associations still manage to maintain contact by seeking out the living quarters of those left behind.