Tensions along the Gaza-Israel border began as early as Friday, March 30, beginning a weekly series of mass rallies along the border fence. The March of Return was to culminate on May 15, Yawm al-Nakba or "Catastrophe Day", which commemorates the anniversary of the mass exile of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians during the 1948 war when it was created. 'Israel. These weekly clashes left more than 100 dead among Palestinian protesters and more than 1,700 wounded by Israeli gunfire. The mobilization of Monday, May 14 was organized in reaction to the opening of the US embassy in Jerusalem: with more than 50 dead, it is the deadliest day in Gaza since the war of summer 2014 against Israel.
In addition to the young men on the front, other categories were not spared by the Israeli response: women, children, but also local journalists and aides. Armed with slingshots and slingshots, protesters were met with tear gas and live ammunition. The murderous hecatomb of May 14 will discourage the population for the rally of the following day: the famous May 15, day of the Nakba, will not have the expected mobilization.
For the 1.9 million Palestinians living in the Gaza Strip, life has become a daily struggle for the supply of energy (water and electricity), while purchasing power is declining, economic situation being severely affected after ten years of Israeli-Egyptian blockade on the Palestinian enclave. Stalled, inter-Palestinian reconciliation does not help the situation.
Hamas leaders, the Islamist movement that has been in control of Gaza since 2007, have sworn that the march will continue until the Israeli-Egyptian blockade is lifted. However, after seven weeks of demonstrations along the border, a hundred deaths and injuries by the thousands, no significant improvement is observed and the blockade remains.